The history of amber stone began almost 45 million years ago, between Central and Northern Europe’s amber-plentiful forests, ranging from the Caspian Sea to the Norwegian coast. It was not discovered until much later when it was commercialised to distant countries via the amber road. Recognised as a luxury product because of its rarity in certain parts of the world, amber stone was carefully transported between the Baltic Sea and the Elbe River along the Danube. A route was planned to reach the Roman Empire. It was during this period that this trade route was named: “The Ancient Amber Road.”
Amber stone had commercial use for millennia. Indeed, the first amber pendants appeared in 12,000 BC. Archaeologists found traces during the Neolithic age: jewellery, house foundations, ornaments. Later in time, a few centuries before Christ, amber stone trade routes resurfaced thanks to the Celtic people, attested by the artifacts found in tombs around Greece, Babylon, the United Kingdom as well as Egypt (in the case of Tutankhamun). A hundred years after Christ, Rome became the principal buyer of amber and trade was centralised there. Romans used amber stone in various contexts: objects, coins, etc. In the “Great Book of Amber” it is said that a very large order arrived on the Baltic coast in the time of Nero, a quantity so large that gladiators engraved each of their battles on amber plates.
Later in the Middle Ages, amber stone trade was centralised in Gdansk (Poland). It was then used and produced for Christian crosses. It was not until 1250 that Teutonic knights took control of the Prussian market, having full command of the Baltic amber reserves and of amber object manufacturing (particularly religious items). Amber stone became of capital importance and was highly controlled. If a common person had amber in their possession without it being part of a rosary, they would have had a great chance of receiving the death penalty. It is still possible to find traces of this wealth accumulated by the Teutonic Knights at Marlbork Castle. Here, there are more than 2000 amber stone objects on display, with craftsmanship ranging from antiquity to the present day.
Contrary to what is thought collectively, amber stone does not come from pine sap but in reality, from fossilised tree resin as a result of injury or significant climate change. The original genus of amber was the Pinus Succinifera (named in 1890 by Hugo Conwentz, to designate the conifers that were at the origin of Baltic amber). These trees produced lots of sap during a period of climate change, resulting in molecular changes that could not be measured for thousands of years. Blocks of amber stone would travel from rivers to seas.
Today, amber stone is considered a very rare and precious stone. Amber is one of the 3 gemstones (along with diamonds and jet) of plant origin. Like diamonds, amber stone is the result of thousands of years of existence, which is why it is highly valued in the jewellery world. Amber resin is composed of isoprene (a molecule of 5 carbon atoms). It requires pressure and heat to form, throughout a very large period (a few million years). Isoprene polymerises, allowing it to solidify.
Psychologically, amber stone helps the wearer to assert themselves and be heard. It allows you to express your personality but also to impose yourself in an environment. Amber can purify energies thanks to its solar lustre. It can unblock certain body areas when it is positioned on the chakra or the area in question. Amber stone promotes all forms of psychological work, encouraging reflection and intellectual development. In this regard, amber helps to combat various forms of depression.
On the physical level, amber stone is very masculine. Amber is known for its virtues of relieving dental pain. It is very often given to children as an anti-inflammatory, especially during their growth. Amber is also widely used to soothe the voice, by warming up throats which may be raucous. Amber helps to decongest the airways and fights against diseases related to ORL (otolaryngology), e.g. colds, sore throats, flu, etc. It is highly recommended for its pain-relieving virtues in cases of inflammation. More broadly, amber stone stimulates the immune system. It facilitates rest and provides better sleep (helping to reduce nightmares).